Make Your Editor Cry: Aircraft (Awkward Plural)

Make Your Editor Cry:  Aircraft (Awkward Plural)

BLUF: (Bottom Line Up Front)
The singular and plural of aircraft is aircraft.

aircraft: a vehicle (such as an airplane or balloon) for traveling through the air

The singular of aircraft is aircraft. The plural of aircraft is also aircraft.

The word “aircrafts” is not a thing, or a word.

Examples:

Nothing can stop the attack of aircraft except other
aircraft.
It's unbelievable what one squadron of twelve aircraft did to
tip the balance.

The Standard Rules for Forming the Plurals

The table below shows the standard rules for forming plurals from singular nouns in English.

Type Example of Type Forming the Plural Plural
Most Nouns
doe
emu
scythe
cliff
add -s
does
emus
scythes
cliffs
Nouns that end
in the letter
s, sh, ch, x, or z
bus
brush
church
fox
fez
add -es
buses
brushes
churches
foxes
fezes
Nouns that end
in the [consonant] letter o
radio
piano
 mango
zero
tomato
potato
buffalo
either add -s, or -es,
or do nothing
(No rules.
You have to know.)
radios
pianos
mangoes (or mangos)
zeros (or zeroes)
tomatoes
potatoes
buffalo (or buffaloes or buffalos)
Nouns that end
in the [vowel] letter o
patio
ratio
add -s
patios
ratios
Nouns that end
in the [consonant] letter y
story
penny
change the -y to an -i
and add -es
stories
pennies
Nouns that end
in the [vowel] letter y
donkey
ray
buoy
add -s
donkeys
rays
buoys
Nouns that end
in either a single
f or fe
chef
leaf
dwarf
knife
wife
just add -s
or change the -f
to a -v then
add -s or -es
(No rules.
You have to know.)
chefs
leaves
dwarfs (or dwarves)
knives
wives
Exceptions
man
mouse
some nouns undergo
vowel/letter changes
men
mice
More exceptions
salmon
sheep
biceps
boar
some nouns
do not change at all
salmon
sheep
biceps
boar (or boars)
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